Effect of global climate change. Not a particular country or community, people of all the world have been affected by the adverse effects of climate change. Especially in the last 20 years, the impact has spread from Asia, Europe, Africa and the continent of America.
A study by the Global Climate Risk Index (CRI) found that 2017, were Puerto Rico, Sri Lanka, and Dominica.
After that 1998 to 2017 at fast Puerto Rico, Honduras has been most affected, then the name of Myanmar.
Over 20 years of global climate change, Between 1998 to 2017 more than 526 000 people died worldwide and US$ 3.47 trillion (in PPP) was damaged. As a direct result, 11,500 of the weather disasters happened.
UNEP Adaptation Gap’s 2013 report had previously warned that due to the impact of climate change or the impact of global climate change by 2030, the amount of global expenditure would increase by two to three times now. And by the time of 2050 by four to five times more than what is currently being considered. On the other hand, the report has emphasized to keep the global temperature rise above two degrees Celsius. This will reduce the sufferings of human beings on the other side and the cost of expenditure will be reduced.
Effect of global climate change
One of the risks of climate change excess rain and flood in coastal areas, which has already become clear. These issues arise in the evaluation of the committee formed by the governments of different countries. Europe, Asia, and Australia are growing steadily in large parts Likewise, the intensity of heavy rainfall increased in North America and Europe, and shortly afterward, the same examples are being created in different parts of the world.
Different disasters, or continuous threats?
The number of deaths and losses incurred due to the 2008 cyclone Nargis in Myanmar is 95 percent more than the other two incidents of the last two decades. Similarly, in Honduras, the 1998 Harrison Mitch caused more than 80 percent damage In 2011, Thailand, which is 10th in the list of most affected countries, has suffered significant damage. Hurricane Patricia’s 2012 demolition broke all records of the past. At this time cyclone events occurred 27 times. As a result, it needs to be said again that the risks of climate change are at high risk of the LDL and the small island states.
Economic and population impact
From the research and observation of scientists, it is clear that a billion US dollar loss of wealthy countries like the United States or Japan may not have to be taken seriously. But think of this loss in the case of a poor country! This money is a big part of their annual GDP. So how will their economy affect! And on the other side of the country, people suffer all the suffering
The impact of climate change on Bangladesh
We have mentioned that the impacts of other places in the world are going on, all of this has started happening in Bangladesh. The fear is that they are increasing day by day.
It’s going to be hot for almost ten months of the year. the temperature of the two months is a little less, in which one month we call it winter. It usually lasts from late November to December. After one month the winter will come, but still, the highest temperature is 34 to 37 degrees Celsius. Due to the middle of the year due to heavy rain, which results in flood This year 155 mm rainfall has been received in the autumn.
Researchers see these phenomena like the effect of climate change. Due to this, food production in the country has decreased, increasing new natural disasters and diseases. The number of people in the house is increasing with the help of the crowd. As a result, the number of slum dwellers in urban areas is also increasing.
Sea level rise
The United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), their fourth assessment report, feared that one-third of Bangladesh’s area could be submerged in this century. About 60 thousand square kilometers of the country’s 19 districts have the risk of drowning. Because of this, nearly two crore people will lose the house forHigh rainfall in the mountainous regions.
According to the Department of Meteorological Department, in October this year, Chittagong division has already received 70 percent more rainfall than usual. In the first week of the month, Cox’s Bazar, Teknaf, with more than twice the normal rainfall in most parts of this division. Experts say that in the summer, clay weaving in the mountainous area becomes lighter in the summer, and later due to excessive rainfall, the soil is becoming soft and the mountainous hazard is increasing in these areas. However, unplanned mountain degradation is one of the reasons for such a collapse.
So far this year, 170 people have died in lightning. And in the last seven years, 1,760 people died. Researchers say that if the temperature increases by 1 degree Celsius, the amount of lightning increased by 12 percent. In the last 30 years, the global temperature has increased by 1 degree.
After three consecutive years, most of the country was flooded with three floods. Especially in the Bay of Bengal with the north and the middle of the country, there have been huge losses of about eight million people. Extreme loss is the crop, which is to be repaired or it will be for all people. Besides, there is a more cyclonic storm in the Bay of Bengal due to sea level rise. Since independence, there are four to five major cyclones since 2007. Besides, cyclone Sidr, Aila, Mahasen, Roane, and Mora have been hit in the last decade. The number of such injuries will be increased without any doubt.
IF you learn more about the effect of global climate change there are useful to you this website NASA climate
And if you are interested to know about” Definition of globalization” please read my previous artical.